Biophilic Institutions and Governance: Biophilic Urbanism Initiatives (BUI) Fostering Green Urban Features in Emerging and Developing Cities

 

Title
Biophilic Institutions and Governance: Biophilic Urbanism Initiatives (BUI) Fostering Green Urban Features in Emerging and Developing Cities
AuthorVirginia Carter Gamberini y Cristián Henríquez
Line(s)Socio-spatial Dynamics
Year of Publication2021
Journal TitleStudies in Efficient Environmental Design & City Planning
Keywords
Biophilic Urbanism Initiatives (BUI), Biophilic Institutions and Governance, Biophilic Cities, Green Urban Features, Biophilic Urbanism, Developing Countries
Abstract

One of the goals promoted by the ‘2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development,’ is to
make cities more inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable, while responding to the
challenges that cities face today, including the increase of urban temperature because
of climate change effects, and the deficit of urban green spaces. Green urbanism
seeks to achieve more sustainable cities in terms of the creation of more sustainable
places, communities, and lifestyles, besides its compactness, energy – efficiency,
zero emissions, and waste production. The approach arises as a solution to address
some of these challenges through seven features expressed in emerging archetypal
cities, being the ‘Biophilic City’ one of them. Biophilic cities are the materialization
of the biophilic urbanism approach, which pursues the integration of nature in cities
by means of planning and design, to achieve more livable cities in terms of the wellbeing and health of their inhabitants, in addition to resilient urban environments. This
research first compiled initiatives performed under the biophilic urbanism, defined
here as Biophilic Urbanism Initiatives (BUI), were the main differences in its
implementation can be traced back to income differences between countries.
Secondly, opportunities,as well as challenges for greening emerging and developing
cities are depicted based on one of the five categories of indicators associated with
biophilic cities, ‘Biophilic institutions and governance.’ The indicators included
aims to describe the extent to which local governments are involved in encouraging
green features and biophilic design. Finally, this research draws contributions
already implemented by a group of Latin American cities located in Argentina,
Chile, Colombia, and Perú. One of our main finding is that these initiatives have not
yet been broadly implemented in emerging and developing countries, compared with
those with advanced economies, such as the United States, Germany, and Singapore,
among others.

Doihttps://www.researchgate.net/profile/Majd-Al-Homoud/publication/342420783_GU_book_2019/links/5ef375d8a6fdcceb7b1f95af/GU-book-2019.pdf#page=142
Corresponding AuthorCristián Henríquez cghenriq@uc.cl