20 Ene Who gains in a distance-based public transport fare scheme? Accessibility, urban form, and equity implications in Santiago, Chile
|Who gains in a distance-based public transport fare scheme? Accessibility, urban form, and equity implications in Santiago, Chile|
|Author||Ignacio Tiznado-Aitken, Juan Carlos Muñoz, Ricardo Hurtubia|
|Year of Publication||2021|
|Journal Title||Urban Form and Accessibility|
Accessibility, Urban form, Equity, Public transport, Flat fare scheme, Distance-based fare scheme, Santiago, Chile
In this chapter, the current flat fare scheme in the public transport system of Santiago de Chile is analyzed through the lens of accessibility, affordability, and equity. Using a smart card database with route distances and travel time estimations and sociodemographic data at the municipality level, the implications of a distance-based charge are examined. Accessibility levels between a flat fare and distance-based fare scheme are compared in the current land use scenario as well as the equity outcomes within the city for the different fare schemes, analyzing whether either could be a progressive policy to benefit low-income populations in the city through the provision of more affordable access to opportunities.
The results show that the current flat fare scheme in Transantiago is preferable to a distance-based scheme. People living in 62% of the municipalities in Santiago would pay more with a distance-based scheme. Twelve of the municipalities have over 50% of their population in the two lowest income quintiles and these groups would be harmed by a 30% average fare increase required under a distance-based fare scheme. Unsurprisingly, seven peripheral zones of the city, located mainly in the south, are the most harmed, paying on average 57% more per each public transport trip under the distance-based fare scheme. Furthermore the distance-based fare exacerbates the current accessibility problems in the city, increasing the generalized travel cost up to 25% for residents of some municipalities.
|Corresponding Author||Ignacio Tiznado-Aitken firstname.lastname@example.org, Juan Carlos Muñoz email@example.com, Ricardo Hurtubia firstname.lastname@example.org|