09 May Mapping Coastal Wetlands Using Satellite Imagery and Machine Learning in a Highly Urbanized Landscape
|Mapping Coastal Wetlands Using Satellite Imagery and Machine Learning in a Highly Urbanized Landscape|
|Author||Juan Munizaga, Mariano García, Fernando Ureta, Vanessa Novoa, Octavio Rojas and Carolina Rojas|
|Line(s)||Acceso y movilidad|
|Year of Publication||2022|
coastal wetlands; remote sensing; coastal cities; RapidEye; machine learning
Coastal wetlands areas are heterogeneous, highly dynamic areas with complex interactions between terrestrial and marine ecosystems, making them essential for the biosphere and the development of human activities. Remote sensing offers a robust and cost-efficient mean to monitor coastal landscapes. In this paper, we evaluate the potential of using high resolution satellite imagery to classify land cover in a coastal area in Concepción, Chile, using a machine learning (ML) approach. Two machine learning algorithms, Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Random Forest (RF), were evaluated using four different scenarios: (I) using original spectral bands; (II) incorporating spectral indices; (III) adding texture metrics derived from the grey-level covariance co-occurrence matrix (GLCM); and (IV) including topographic variables derived from a digital terrain model. Both methods stand out for their excellent results, reaching an average overall accuracy of 88% for support vector machine and 90% for random forest. However, it is statistically shown that random forest performs better on this type of landscape. Furthermore, incorporating Digital Terrain Model (DTM)-derived metrics and texture measures was critical for the substantial improvement of SVM and RF. Although DTM did not increase the accuracy in SVM, this study makes a methodological contribution to the monitoring and mapping of water bodies’ landscapes in coastal cities with weak governance and data scarcity in coastal management.
|Corresponding Author||Carolina Rojas firstname.lastname@example.org|