Environmental signature and health risk assessment of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) emitted from a landfill fire in Santiago de Chile

Title

Environmental signature and health risk assessment of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) emitted from a landfill fire in Santiago de Chile

AuthorKarla Pozo, Germán Oyola, Héctor Jorquera, Victoria Gómez, Cristobal Galbán-Malagón, Marcelo Mena-Carrasco, Ondřej Audy, Petra Příbylová, Yago Guida, Víctor Hugo Estellano, Gerhard Lammel, Jona Klánová
Line(s)Recursos críticos
Year of Publication2023
Journal Title

Environmental Pollution

Keywords
Urban solid waste; Open dumping; Fire plume; Atmospheric pollution; PBDEs; Inhalation risk assessment
AbstractPolybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) have been used as flame retardants in building materials, electronics, furnishings, vehicles, airplanes, plastics, polyurethane foams, and textiles for many years. Currently, the primary commercial mixtures, penta-, octa-, and deca-BDE, are globally restricted. Still, products containing PBDEs are expected to impact waste management and the environment for many years. In January 2016, an open fire in the Santa Marta landfill close to Santiago de Chile affected the city and surroundings. The fire caused several acute health effects and an increase in emergency hospitalizations. We measured PBDE levels in the areas affected by the fire in the air (gaseous and particulate) and soil, and PBDE emissions were estimated using a dispersion model. The results showed an increase in PBDE concentrations by a factor of 2–4 one day after the start of the fire. However, PBDE concentrations measured after the fire in PM10 and the gas phase were considered low compared to other regions. Interestingly, PBDEs’ patterns differed across the sites; however, BDE209 was the dominant congener for all environmental matrices. A preliminary risk assessment was conducted using the daily exposure dose (DED) by air inhalation estimation. The results showed low DED values for adults and children and suggested no direct health risk due to PBDE exposure. This study brings new data useful for future solid waste management initiatives in the country.
Doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2023.121648
Corresponding AuthorHéctor Jorquera, jorquera@ing.puc.cl